Elevated cholesterol levels is regarded as one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Cholesterol is a molecule formed steroid hormones, vitamin D and bile acid, and it is an important component of the cell walls. Cholesterol is produced not only by the body itself, but it is ingested through the food. A high cholesterol level is reinforced by external factors such as unhealthy, high-fat diet, obesity and lack of exercise causes. The predisposition to inherited part however. The cholesterol from birth is this stems too high only on hereditary factors. In people with a predisposition to high cholesterol levels can increase cholesterol levels due to a too high-fat diet.
Trigger for this is the lack of LDL receptors in these individuals. These filter the cholesterol from the blood in the normal case. By the partial or complete missing these receptors accumulates the LDL-cholesterol in the blood and the levels rise. Therapy is Cholesterol increases, should be tried initially to lower cholesterol through healthy, low-fat diet and regular exercise. A disease such as diabetes mellitus is based, these must also be treated. The cholesterol through nutrition and regular exercise is not to cut, need to access to medicines. These can be Fibrates reduce the triglyceride level, cholesterol absorption inhibitors that block the absorption of cholesterol from food or cholesterol synthesis inhibitor.