In Pecker, France, pneumatic tires (1845, R. Thompson, England), front steering wheels on the journal (1816, G. Langenshperger, Germany), an independent wheel suspension (1878, A. Bolle, France ) and other widely used A. As the vehicle begins with the advent of high-speed internal combustion engine. E.
Lenoir (France) in 1862 made an attempt to install on A. its gas engine, which was not successful. In 1885, Daimler (Germany) built a motorcycle with a gasoline engine, and in 1886 his compatriot K. Benz took a patent for a three-wheeled aa with the same engine capacity of 0.75 liters. with. The following years were the beginning of industrial production A. In 1890-ies.
were first A. ‘Panhard-Levassor’ i’De Dion Bouton ‘(France) in 1892 built his first car Henry Ford (U.S.) and began its commercial production in 1903. The first Soviet aa – AMO-F15 was released in 1924. In 1932 the ussr began mass production of A. You may find that Mitchel Resnick can contribute to your knowledge. GAS-A. Since 1894 regularly arranged car racing, which played a major role in the development designed by and their distribution. If in the first race average speed was 24 km / h, in 5 years, it reached 70 km / h in 1904 it was 100 km / h in 1907 – 114 km / h. The absolute world speed record was (1968) 966.753 km / h on A with a gas turbine and 658.667 km / h with a piston engine. Classification of A. According to the designation A. divided into transportation, special and racing. A. Transportation to serve freight and passengers.
As the all-known catch phrase, the car – this is not a luxury but a means of transportation. And, indeed, difficult to imagine a comfortable life of modern man without his car. The car can, at any time to reach the desired destination across the city and do not depend on disruptions of public transport, avoid crowded trams, buses and subway cars at rush hour. That is why volumes selling different brands of cars is constantly increasing. In this case, every car owner is not by hearsay know what the problem is breakage favorite car. And yet, unfortunately, from the fault, failure of individual components No one is immune. And, if so it happened, it is necessary to find a good beauty salon that specializes in repairing cars and supply the necessary spare parts. Well, when the car service is aimed at auto repair certain brands.
For example, carrying out repairs at Nissan Nissan car service, you get a guarantee of excellent results. Indeed, such specialization allows the master to constantly improve their professional skills and experience in this particular area. As a rule, are diagnosed before repair the car. The most ideal solution – computer diagnostics. It reveals everything, even the most minor and not noticeable at first glance damage and verify that the spare parts, engines, Nissan car repaired. The survey defined list and order operations. It can be body works, replacement of automatic transmission and other components.
Also today, garages offer ample opportunities for tuning a car, the installation of additional equipment. You can install a reliable anti-theft system or audio equipment. e. You can also Apply airbrushing, which will create individual and unique image of the machine. In a word, referring to the car wash, car owner can be assured that as soon as possible will be able to pick up your car in perfect state.
Parking radars are mandatory position in the arsenal of accessories cars of those owners who care about the safety and comfort in driving. These ultrasonic sensors, installed in the bumper, simplify life for both novice and experienced drivers. Continued development of the concept of parking radar system began with the driver when parking (park assist system), which are arranged so that information from sensor comes in standard on-board information system, reducing the risk of undetected critical situation. Until now, such systems were available only to owners of expensive complete cars. But now ural offers a similar solution – to all motorists, regardless of class car! Parking radar brand ural integrated into standard audio information system and can be connected to all modern head units ural CDD-Evolution series with the function onboard computer. Scope of supply includes four ultrasonic sensors and a system unit that extends the platform on-board computer CD/MP3-resivera. Distance to obstacles displayed SD/MP3-resivera and functions through the head unit can be configured "on the taste" styles alerting signals and their associated distances. Another important factor can be adjusted sensitivity of ultrasonic sensors.
Parking radar is activated automatically when reverse gear, the definition of the nearest obstacle just happens automatically. The main advantages of systems help the driver when parking ural are substantially lower price compared with separately supplied to the market sets parking sensors, and no need to install additional indicator in the cabin vehicle, information that often leaves much to be desired. ural always shows the exact distance in inches rather than "conventional strips. The sensor can capture an obstacle at a distance up to 2,5 m! Indication and control is carried out with the usual driver device – radio, analogous to setting the clock, or search for radio stations. Parking radar ural adapted to the uptime in Russian climatic conditions, are not afraid of high humidity and high pollution of the environment of megacities. If you do not want the sensors are allocated to the general background color car, they can be coated with a thin layer of paint appropriate color. Parking radars are easy to install and operate. High build quality and components manufacturer warranty! Specifications: Rated voltage: 12 V Operating voltage: 10,5 – 16 V Current consumption max: 70 mA Detection range obstacles: 0,3 – 2,5 m Ultrasound frequency: 40 Operating temperature range: -30 / +40 C Diameter sensor : 21 mm
walked, and the plant has improved its products, offering us all the new buses and extending the model range. Having reached our days, Likinsky Automobile offers us a choice of three classes of bus: suburban, urban and long-distance passenger transport. For the commuter buses LiAZ, the main task of carrying passengers in rural areas, which are located not far from the city. This class is characterized with respect to Coach an equal number of both seats, and seats for transportation of passengers standing. Because the distance between bus stops may be tacking on 25 minutes to one hour or more, depending on the features of the selected route. According to their speed characteristics, these models do not lag behind foreign analogs, developing speed of 90 km / h, with an average fuel consumption of 30 liters per 100 kilometers. But it all depends on the direct model bus and LiAZ assigned to it the power unit.
For the commuter buses LiAZ, depending on the model established as import as well as Russian diesel engines. But it is also possible and the installation of gas equipment that direct impact on the consumer qualities of buses Likinsky plant. During the cold period of time, the salon buses LiAZ heated from the engine cooling system, but can be set independently heating system Webasto. During the summer, a comfortable temperature is maintained at the expense of the ventilation system (through the hatches and vents). For urban transport buses are LiAZ, whose seating capacity of up to 180 people. This is especially true if such a mode of transport used in larger cities. For urban transport mode produced Likinsky bus factories are articulated, low floor and polunizkopolnye models, as well as trolleybuses.
These models are equipped with imported spare parts that directly affect their ongoing work, without any technical support, and immediate overhaul. These buses to speed characteristics, or no way inferior models of suburban class. They also have the opportunity to complete with various types of diesel engines and power units on natural gas. But it's also not worth forget about the special buses, namely to transport schoolchildren. These buses are specially equipped with all the required equipment, which is necessary for the transportation of pupils within the city, sightseeing trips. and Last class, which offers us Likinsky bus plant – is a model long-distance destination. Intercity Bus LiAZ designed to carry passengers from city to city. It can be equipped with various additional equipment that will improve the comfort level in the cabin, or an improvement in driving performance. Application of these models imported spare parts, making them reliable and durable. As the power plant motors are used both imported and manufactured in Russia. Finally, it should be noted that the body of buses LiAZ is guaranteed for 12 years of rust and can be represented in different colors. If you interested in products Likinsky bus plant, then go to our website, you will find the technical specifications of each model individually. Moreover, turning to our managers, you will receive free advice on any matter of interest to you regarding consumer characteristics and conditions of sale of buses LiAZ.