In the postwar years, a lot of transportation problems that could not be solved using existing at the time of trucks. So there were tractors and chassis, which could be equipped with additional equipment to cope with new and complicated tasks. In 20 more years of the twentieth century, overseas mastered a way to transport the most severe and long goods by trucks. Approximately the same Time was invented and tractor-trailer. In the Soviet Union before the war would only apply to light commercial trucks, tractors, and not widespread.
Great Patriotic War as the best way demonstrated Soviet car industry of its insolvency. If the Americans, British and Germans transported their tanks on tractors carrying capacity from 20 to 45 tons, fitted with winches, the Soviet T-34 tanks were forced to plow vastness of the country itself. Developers assume their only transportation by rail. Under these conditions, the tanks are often required repairs, and most importantly – to lose precious time. After the victory at elevated privacy, work began on the creation of the Soviet heavy truck tractor MAZ. The postwar years were filled with the need to rebuild the country, build new housing, to explore new territory. Began immediately after the war, the Cold War implied the development of powerful missiles and the development of nuclear technology.
Wherever required heavy-duty trucks, agile and capable of carrying complex large loads on the roads with a variety of coating. Finally, in 1958, began assembly-line production of tractors MAZ, and in 1960 began production of tractors and at the Kremenchug Automobile Plant. Tractor units KrAZ and MAZ in various ways: for use on smooth roads and off-road conditions, with different number of wheels and a variety of specifications. Within a few years Saddlery tractor, which was originally developed for military purposes, have been used everywhere, where there was a need to transport heavy and bulky cargo. Today, tractors MAZ are essential to long-haul international flights, they meet all international requirements, which allows their use in EU countries. Truck tractors KrAZ famous for their maneuverability and payload record: Gross weight, transportable KrAZ tractor can reach 60 tons. But some problems tractors can not solve. To install new missiles and addressing other non-standard tasks needed was a fundamentally different technique. Approximately same time as truck tractors were designed chassis. After a short time the engineers have mastered the complete set of gear a wide variety of equipment, ranging from construction cranes and ending watering machines. Modern KrAZ and MAZ allow the installation of the most diverse techniques for use in mining, forestry, oil and gas industry, as well as in construction and public utilities.