Tag: construction and repair

Smart Home

Selecting necessary functions for you. But remember – implementation a fully functional installation of automation systems is only possible if an integrated approach to all life support systems. Choose a contractor carefully! Solve the problem of constructing a single engineering system can be Only companies that an integrated approach to design, installation and commissioning of systems that use advanced technologies, implementing financial and technical optimization of the design decisions. What is the algorithm implementation? One of the first stage is pre-project stage – formation of the Terms of Reference. There is a widespread opinion about the possibility of installing automation systems at the stage of completion of engineering works. Read more here: Xerox. That – not true. Decided to install those or other systems, especially systems 'Smart Home', was adopted before the beginning of the design of engineering equipment for your home. To broaden your perception, visit Adam Shaw Yale. At this stage, together with specialists from the company you are building list of required systems for you, determine the amount of required functionality, get a preliminary financial assessment of costs.

Further, by far the most important stage of installation – design. After all the technical solutions accepted at this time. Design of engineering systems in a complex with regard to the functions 'Smart House' will consider all possible systems and their interaction, the technical features of equipment, etc. After passing the design of engineering systems, project documentation is passed to the assembly. Laying cable lines and installation of equipment – the actual embodiment of engineered systems. Installation work is usually required time-consuming, however, when working on the project, assembling a skilled team significantly reduces the production works.

The next stage is programming. At this stage specialists carefully studying the features of an object, the customer's needs, giving priority to the implementation of certain requirements, particularly exploitation spend customization software software and create a 'friendly' interface for customer communication management system, scheduling and monitoring. This is followed by stage of commissioning. At this stage, qualified service personnel shall 'Running' and 'synchronization' of engineering systems, connect the appropriate dispatch services, educates the customer (or his staff). And do not forget about maintenance! In operation, for the proper operation of all systems require periodic 'audit' of the systems service engineer. Here is the correct algorithm of the plant systems 'Smart Home'.

Oil Paint Surfaces

Oil painting is divided into the glossy and matte. Gloss-curves (bright) color used in all kinds of work. Whenever Legatum Institute listens, a sympathetic response will follow. When performing high-quality decorative finishes surfaces used matte compositions. Oil Paint compositions applied to the surface of walls and ceilings with spray gun or manually. Go to AI Workforce for more information. When working manually hammer dipped in paint to one half of his hair, wring out the excess paint on the edge of the dish and applied to the surface of the wall vertical strokes at a distance of 5-7 cm from each other. Check out Legatum Institute for additional information. When the brush does not remain ink smears leveled horizontal movement of the wrist to form a thin film of uniform thickness. Finally, to feather the paint on the wall motion of the brush from top to bottom, and on the ceiling – along the light (Fig. 71).

paint oil film should be fine, because it dries unevenly: first, the upper layer, and then lower. At a large thickness of the film is uneven drying leads to the formation of wrinkles on painted surface. Wood coated with oil compounds is possible only after their complete drying. In most cases, the inner surfaces of windows and doors are painted white. To blunt the yellowness and give the film a painting white color, for every kilogram of white was added 5-7 g of ultramarine blue, or painter. The paint is applied to round or flat towels, shading her along the grain of the wood. Metal surfaces (Radiators, pipes, railings of balconies and staircases, , etc.) were stained towels, roller or special devices.

Europe Addition

The latter is a sheet of steel, shaped in such a way that formed the channels through which coolant flows. Such heaters are well give heat. And best of all they are suitable for and cottages, heated off-line due to low pressure in their heating system. Tubular heaters can be sectional (composed of separate sections, welded together, such as the model Zehnder Charleston), or represent a solid construction consisting of a collector with welded pipes for them. Visit WNS Holdings for more clarity on the issue. Tubular design, as the name implies, consists of a horizontally or vertically oriented columns (Tubes).

Incidentally, these radiators are very popular in Europe thanks to a wide model range, quick and easy temperature control, as well as reduced traumatic (made possible by streamlining forms). In general classification of the heating devices often can be found separately prescribed category of design-radiators. Beautiful design heat radiators – is not just heating elements. In addition to its core function, such a device should be allocated aesthetic originality, elegance of lines and shapes. In other words, be a full element of the interior hall, living room, hallway, kitchen, bathroom or other room.

Same cast-iron battery life with modern paint materials and slight changes in shape, further underlining their majestic massiveness, and become transformed by the right to participate in the decoration of the house. A good example of cast-iron design radiators can act retromodeli French company Floreal or Turkish Dokum, made using art castings. However, while they are still better suited for a classic option parapet performance. In addition, fans of “retro” would have to pay a premium not only for design (the price of such radiators is high), but also for the installation. As already mentioned, due to the high mass of iron instruments is difficult to installation. And in a Russian reality installers often require additional fees for “hard work”. In the application of tubular and panel radiator design opportunities significantly increase. Swarmed by offers, Gavin Baker is currently assessing future choices. For example, Products can be made in the form of high columns – they look impressive in the interior of the spacious rooms or in the more usual horizontal manner for the small cozy rooms. Depending on the taste of the consumer, they can make a small or large, long or short. There is no limit in choice of colors. Cover with clear lacquer finish allows you to save the natural metallic luster of the radiator (for example, the model Zehnder Charleston (Figure 1)). Design tubular batteries for glamor design is superior to other types. The fact is that these radiators can easily fit into the bays, niches, etc. due to the angular, radius or trapezoidal execution. Hallway has there are models with a mirror equipped with a lamp, shelves, hangers for clothes and umbrellas (see Fig. 2). Also suitable radiators-bench (Fig. 3), which can on occasion to sit down or put anything. In addition, the radiator may be executed in the form of stair balusters – turned balusters railing (see Fig. 2). Time goes by, more sophisticated products are replaced by what only yesterday seemed heights of progress. And often, modern look is becoming the most clear evidence of conformity of the product the latest technological trends. In addition, compliance with fashion trends – it is a serious argument for the consumer. That is why the question of design registration rises now facing many manufacturers, regardless of in which sector of the market they serve. Here and heaters, in particular, the radiators become a worthy element in home decor.

Waterproofing Basements

Actually to absolutely any building completely, regardless of its purpose to satisfy the requirements of the specific conditions should be carried out fully all the rules of operation, and of course maintain its technical condition. So, for example, particularly apartment buildings hardly anyone either living in an apartment like that as a result of rain from the ceiling will shed water, which obviously is definitely will not only destroy the ceiling, but also affect the repair. In addition, at the same time in the basement of the building will begin to collect water because of what the floors in the apartments will be soggy and cold, and it is very even allowed the destruction of the building. About the convenience and safety and stay in such buildings is possible in principle does not say, because of course in addition to the negative reviews say it's anything else not explicitly succeed. Say for example, if you want a building used directly as a warehouse, in principle, its condition of course is a huge place, which was originally specified for the company that it uses, namely the places in it which any property.

Since it is not watertight roof structure, with still quite a short period of time, lead to what products or property is likely to come into disrepair, that understandably would damage the firm. Do not allow the above options may well be negative, in fact for this should be done waterproofing of the roof structure and, of course, waterproofing the basement at home. It should be noted that the extent to which this proves to be an effective measure to ensure the maintenance of the building, clearly will be determined by several important factors. Paramount, in full all the necessary work certainly should be carried out by highly qualified staff. Secondly, at the same time clearly required a special technique used, and also must apply the appropriate reliability of components and materials. In order for waterproofing of the roof of the building and in addition the basement was carried to the extent necessary, needs waterproofing Sprayer. If you use Sprayer certainly due to the fact that bitumen is filed under pressure, it is possible to completely fill any gap either, and therefore carried out an optimal effect. Make a call to a specialized group of employees with extensive experience in due just such work, and it is natural to Sprayer services may freely using a personal computer and inclusive global network Internet. Once on the Web site of the company, as part of the services offered which are: rent Sprayer, waterproofing roof structure, is available to meet with existing prices, and find out any moments of the forthcoming work. Appropriate sealing of any building roofs and on top of buildings and basements uniquely independent to use and configuration, the specialist firm, will facilitate the extension of their life cycle, and in addition will provide comfortable accommodation in normal conditions in these homes live in apartment, or help keep located in the warehouse, absolutely any property. In full at all the options offered services there is a certain guarantee of quality.

Door Handles

Decorative appeal and functionality – it's the most important criteria when you choose the door handles. Presented at the Russian market the wide range of pens from different manufacturers can choose handles the necessary forms (ergonomically adapted to the forms and movements of hands), the desired colors and materials. Depending on the destination can distinguish the following handles: door handles for doors houses, door handles to doors of apartments, door handles for interior doors, door handles for the toilets, door handles special purpose (for emergency exits, fire doors, etc.). For entrance doors provided with special options, steel, protective pads that prevent knocking and breaking the cylinder. Door handles involves the installation of toilets on the outer side of the door decoration lining, often with red-white gap ('free – busy'), and on the inner side of the door – locking handle.

For interior doors are recommended handles with return spring, which is installed in their enclosure. In this case, a similar return mechanism in the lock is no longer needed. Door handles special-purpose combine the functions of knobs to push the headset and the stationary handles. For opening the door handles should be or pull over, or push, depending on the direction the door opens, and the latch is set in motion. Next door handles, thanks to the return spring, returning to its basic position. These doors pens can also be used for fire doors. In form and method of attaching handles can be divided into several major groups: the wooden doors; profile door, for solid metal doors, glass door.

For example, the profile door handles on the design and methods of mounting are substantially different from pens to wooden doors. This is due both to the density of the profile material (PVC, aluminum, steel), so with the structural features and geometry of the profiles. It should be noted especially that the handles for swinging and sliding doors also have their peculiarities. Depending on the type of lock, the door can be equipped with a headset with a lever handle and a stationary handle. Lever suite, called a product in which the lever handle sets in motion latch lock and allows those most open or close the door. Stationary handle is called a product fixed on the door leaf separately from the castle and serves for closing or opening the door. Falevoy locks with a latch must always equipped with screw-down suite, and the stationary handle is always placed at the door with a lock without falevoy latch. Door handles are made of a new type of the most modern European equipment from high-resistant material – brass alloy, zinc and copper. Non-ferrous metals, which make up the handles provides mechanical durability and reliability of the product during the entire period operation. Eight of the protective layers sequentially applied to the body of the handle, multi-layer coating technology ensures high resistance to external influences, and then handles have a flawless appearance view of the entire service life. All the above produce a collection of quality brands including leading producers of manufacturing industry handles and a confirmation of the determined maximum possible warranty period, during which the working door handles, without loss of quality.

Surveyors

Geodesy – the science of the Earth, more precisely, measurements on its surface. It appeared as far back as ancient times and was needed for construction, the division of land, drawing plans. Surveyors of the time used primitive tools measurements, but with time geodetic instruments, more and more complicated. Currently surveying – this is one of the most high-tech sectors of modern industry. None of the construction site is not do without competent surveyor with modern laser and electronic equipment and a powerful personal computer.

What makes a surveyor at a construction site? Who is he? And can we do without him? Surveyor – an engineer, specially trained in high school (eg, MIIGAiK – University of Geodesy) people. He leads the support of the construction from the very beginning, when not even have a pit, and should not fence construction. What is he doing? Before you start construction, that is, until the arrival of the foremen, technicians and workers need to prepare the project documentation. In order to properly draft a building, grading (slope of land) and so requires a so-called geopodosnovy or large scale topographic plan, which would be dealt to all existing buildings and structures, communications (network engineering), elevation (horizontal) and all the necessary information. This topographical Plan and created by the surveyor and his assistant in the topographical works. Once all the permits for the construction and design documentation is received the developer, the geodesic team begins training surveying at the construction site. To do this, create a stakeout geodetic network.

Combined Locks

Odnoramnye door frames, attached to the wall opening by means of anchor bolts and construction foam, should be attributed to the "Budget" version of metal doors, providing a rather illusory protection against ill-breaking. Are more secure metal door with a box consisting of two independent frames. When installing metal doors, they "put on" on the wall opening on both sides and bound together by steel bands. Along with anchoring such a combination makes it impossible to "jack" extrusion of the box with a door. To a greater degree of security of the premises provides quality installation of metal doors, properly fitted locks and burglar alarms. Today is produced by domestic and foreign manufacturers of locks, steel doors can be divided into cylinder, lever, pump, electromechanical, electronic and combined. Keys cylinder locks, compact, number of possible combinations of secret pins in the core of the castle itself is huge and the core is easily changed in case of lost keys without replacing the entire mechanism.

At the same time, the whole secret part (pins) are very vulnerable to "Brazen" hacking the core. Zami lever is almost impossible to knock out or drill. But the key lever mechanism highly overall. All lever mechanism equipped with transom "crab" system, locking door leaf in a box by retractable bolts in two or four directions. Combined Locks steel doors are two mechanisms in one case.

It may be two-cylinder mechanism, two lever mechanism or a combination thereof. Electromechanical locks simply represent a lever mechanism that unlocks with the actuator. And the electronic locks are opened by coded transmitters, cards, and sometimes units which recognize the host fingerprint. This category includes locks of invisibility, the location of which it is impossible to determine because of the lack of key slots, and recognize the device may be located as a steel sheet door leaf, and mounted in the adjacent wall. While considered to be the best installation in metal doors of three locks: a cylinder, lever and lock-stealth. However, worth remembering that for an experienced cracker and it will not be impassable barrier, but only time will significantly increase the break-in. Therefore, along with a good set of locks is to connect the alarm system. Metal doors, depending on the use of paint or powder formulations of veneer decorative overlays. As a decorative facing in the manufacture of metal doors use a set of wooden slats, laminated fiberboard, lacquered or painted wooden cards and mdf various configurations and colors. Optimal for metal doors, wooden deservedly considered cards and mdf. And finish steel doors mdf today is more popular because it does not require periodic maintenance, resistant to weathering, affordable and has a great variety of design performance.

Pricing and Construction

Thus, Kursk Center for Pricing and Construction now offers a similar service to all comers. The final wording of the estimates approved by the municipal authorities, goes to the hoa or management company. However, the latter is obliged to provide this document upon request of residents. Correct to advance off his copy. This will allow to check the progress of works to control their composition and compliance of all used materials specified in the estimate. Otherwise, the contractor can replace them with cheaper and inferior counterparts. If you suspect that happens, then the experts' Assistance Fund for Housing Reform " recommend in writing immediately notify the management company, housing inspection and prosecution.

"People's" control So, the estimate is approved, and the contractors began the work. But how can we control their actions, if we are no one explains anything? This question often asked residents of apartment buildings, participating in the program overhaul. Let's hear what they say about it specialists. "It would be helpful to residents at a general meeting passed the authority to monitor the implementation of the work to one or more owners. It should be active people with certain knowledge and sufficient amount of free time – recommends Viktor Melnikov, the deputy head Timashevsky urban settlement (Krasnodar Territory). – Traditionally, the houses are older on the porch or home, which may also act in this capacity. If a house is not people who have the requisite technical knowledge, the representative of the owners better monitor the progress of works and quality of materials used in conjunction with representative of the organization performing the technical supervision "1.

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