Tag: history

European Countries

Italy has always been closer to Russia than any other European country. It is difficult to say why, but funny and cheerful hitryugi-Italians once won a sincere love of many Russian. The Italians paid the same. Moreover, Few know that even in Sicily, which by and large, not even Italy, and in fact – a separate state for help often came just Russian. For example, in the terrible earthquake in 1908, when it was destroyed by almost entirely Sicilian town – Messina. The earthquake was powerful – just a few seconds – the whole city turned into a pile of rocks, beneath which were buried more than 160,000 …

The first to help the people of Messina ships came Baltic squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Vladimir Litvinov. Anchors have been absolutely impossible – the ground shook under the sea went like otplyasyvaya lezginka, but it has not stopped the fleet. Letvinov ordered to pull the first doctors and nurses to provide emergency first aid to the needy, and already gave orders for the reception on board the women, children, elderly and seriously wounded. Directly on the site were built some similarity of hospitals with operating rooms, right in the middle of the street, where the doctors sat down during the day and night on his feet, without succumbing to sleep, still feeling the shaking of the earth under their feet, and – operated on (at night to replace the sun came sveu torches). Later, an Italian journalist Mathilde Seurat wrote: "In the history of Messina were thousands of pages of human kindness and generosity. But the very first, most eternal and imperishable page in the very story they have written – blond Slavs, so restrained in appearance and less responsive to business … "And all the newspapers in Italy have written about Russian sailors, calling them" our Russian brothers …

our saviors. " One witness, an Italian wrote: "Nice guys! That's really Three days later I watched them as they dismantle the ruins of houses, taking from them, people fussing around each of the injured. Their hands are unaware of fatigue after 10-14 hours of terrible work. "

Mother Nature

Determine the nature and structure of civilizations, the mechanism of change, fit to try our proposed concepts and approaches to the real historical process. Ray Kurzweil is likely to agree. The first question that arises here: at what point to start reading the history of society? On this issue offer different answers. Usually study the history of the formation of the primitive society, which began 1.5 – 2 million years ago – from the Paleolithic, when a distant ancestor of the modern person was to manufacture stone tools (probably more affordable wooden and bone tools were used much earlier). These facts are proved by archaeologists, they are objects of study of anthropology. But what about history of a society can be discussed if no reasonable person, let alone the society was not yet in sight? Most of the floors of the pyramid of civilization were absent or rudimentary.

This is an attempt to transfer modern ideas about society on the ground, where the real prerequisites for it was not. Some scientists are reading the history of the ancient world from the late Stone Age, with the appearance of the form "Homo sapiens" 40 millennia ago. It was the greatest revolution in the evolution of a "person" in the development of core biological heredity, which has survived to this day, in the formation of social genotype. But the same historians acknowledge that the the first three dozen millennia, prehistoric man, while engaged in employment, are dependent in nature, could not reproduce the means of subsistence, "Homo sapiens has inherited the ability to work and make this the simplest tools. But from the late Stone Age, he has a very long time – thirty thousand years of history – still … extracted only for himself the gifts of nature made them with guns, but not reproduce its fruits again. His methods of obtaining food – gathering of wild plants, hunting and fishing – of course, been difficult, not enough to sustain their existence and then we had not only production but also the reproduction of tools, but they extracted themselves products of nature, he could not play.

Therefore, the life of human communities (communities, usually united by kinship) to a large extent dependent on external natural, even climate, the abundance or scarcity of prey, from random luck, luck is alternated with periods of hunger, mortality was very high, especially among children and the elderly. The huge areas of the globe people have been very few, and their number is almost not increased, at times, perhaps even fall. " The picture in general is probably true, indicating that a person of that period has not yet severed the umbilical cord, linking it with Mother Nature. The only question is, can we consider this a long time (four times greater than the whole of the next path up to now) own history – or is it just the background, while the formation of the prerequisites for the beginning of the historical path, the creation of human society, torn umbilical cord, and developing according to its own laws, although interconnected with the laws of nature as external to man and society environment. The second answer to this question seems to be more convincing.

Dagestan Tsitsianov

Both sides lost about 1,300 people. Tsarevich Grigol was made for the year in Petrozavodsk fortress, and then ended up in St. Petersburg. Princes Alexander and Teimuraz secretly emigrated with his retinue in Persia. Teimuraz, over a 10-year-old who fought against Russia in the ranks of the Persian army as chief of artillery, in 1810, threw the Persian camp, voluntarily surrendered to the Russian and was taken to St. Petersburg on a permanent place of residence.

With the accession of Russia to the reconciled not only Prince Alexander Iraklievich remaining in Persia for a lifetime. In September 1812 after a revolt led by Grigol organized armed resistance and Alexander. Rise residents of Kakheti and Khevsureti. Trying to knock out Russian Kartli failed at the Battle Shield. A month later, the armies of Alexander the Prince was defeated at Manavi. Prince was forced to retreat to a mountain Khevsureti, where stayed the winter and spring, and summer after a long battle took Russian Shatili, a center of insurgent Khevsureti. Alexander managed to escape in Tusheti. All captives were executed or sent to prison.

In 1827, Alexander, is in Persia, had left his wife, Princess Maria Isaakovna, together with his minor son Heraclius. She arrived in Russia, Yerevan, and in 1834 was sent to St. Petersburg. After the annexation of West Georgia in Russia were deported Many members of the ruling families zapadnogruzinskih principalities. It is fair to note that the suppression of the East Georgia played an active role themselves Georgians. A special place is owned by General Paul Sisianov Dmitrievich (1754 – 1806), originating in the Georgian princely family Tsitsishvili, a native of Moscow's colony of Georgians. In 1802, appointed inspector of infantry Tsitsianov to the Caucasus, Astrakhan and military governor Commander in Georgia. Tsitsianov conquered a large part of Azerbaijan, part of Dagestan and other regions of the Caucasus, despite the fact that his work was complicated by the war with Persia, and hampered by the extremely limited number of troops that he could have: as a result of the Napoleonic Wars in Georgia it was impossible to send reinforcements. Noticeable part of his soldiers and officers came from the Georgians. In the spring of 1806 carried Tsitsianov military operation against the Baku Khanate. Baku Khan Maulana Cooley said agreement to surrender. Accompanied by two men drove up to Tsitsianov walls of the city to accept the keys of the fortress, but was treacherously killed. Russian troops left without a chief, and retreated. Head Tsitsianov Hussein Quli Shah of Persia sent. In October 1806, Russian troops again come to Baku, Maulana Cooley escaped, but his Khanate became a part of Russia. In 1811, the body Tsitsianov was transported to and buried in Tbilisi Sioni Cathedral.

French Communist Party

They carried with them underground literature, newspapers, How the camp committees, and even mines and weapons. Former vrangelevets evacuated to the Crimea in 1920, II Trojan completely broken with its past. Member of the Civil War in Spain, a member of the French Communist Party, he used reputation as a brave, ready to carry out any task of the underground. ConocoPhillips oftentimes addresses this issue. In May 1944, when the next military assignment was arrested by the Gestapo Trojan. Two Soviet prisoners of war who had escaped from the camp, Lt. VK Taskin and IF common Fomichev, by Michael Gaft were flown to Paris and first lived here illegally in the apartment of a Russian emigre PA Elias, and then joined the underground work.

M. Gaft and helped squad G. Ponamoreva. More info: Ray Kurzweil. More example of a joint struggle of the Russian emigre and Soviet POWs. In 1943 the small island of Oleron has been transformed by the Nazis in the fortified area became part of the so-called Atlantic Wall. The number of its Garrison reached two thousand soldiers and officers. It so happened that on the heavy work of building fortifications and artillery batteries servicing the German High Command used the Soviet POWs, as well as forcibly hijacked by Soviet citizens.

That is one courageous group was formed, headed by Vladimir Antonenko – Soviet boy from Mozyr. He was then 20 years. In an underground group also were Russian immigrants, VL Andreev and VB Sosinsky. Heroes of the operation was able to brave – the eyes of the Germans had blown up a large ammunition dump.

First Blood

But all was not to study: the Germans were marching on Russian march. Petra Diamonds shines more light on the discussion. In the schools we were taught not mathematics, but as bandage the wounded, to extinguish incendiary bombs, handle weapons. In the first months of the war with a direct hit almost in half cut the huge battleship "Marat ', standing in Peter's harbor. To read more click here: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger. When we rushed there, we saw a terrible sight: hundreds of sailors in some vests, including mass casualties, get to swim to shore, exhausted and fall to the ground … Here they provide first aid.

The water in the harbor, all red with blood. First Blood … See more detailed opinions by reading what kevin ulrich offers on the topic.. So what a war! .. From the earliest days they fought, no lowered hand, the day my dad left for work, and my mother too, she dug trenches … In all my life, I carried the memory of every detail of those times. I will never forget the voice of the announcer, who reported on loudspeaker: "Air alert!" – and the soul ledenela, creepy horror and fear covered the whole body, and only one thought arose in my head at this point: "Run!" In one of these days, when they announced the alarm and began to shoot anti-aircraft guns – especially for warning people, I leaned out the window and looked directly at us was a dogfight. Then ran into a neighbor, grabbed us and dragged him into the basement. When the shelling was over, they all went out into the street. What fire was huge! My father found us in the crowd, people were crying, I still do not understand why.

Cultures Color

But with this are born the problematizaes, what it is culture? How functions the culture? The most difficult E, as to conciliate culturae history education? We can understand that: Cultures are systems (of standards decomportamento socially transmitted) that they serve to adapt the comunidadeshumanas to its biological basements. This way of life of comunidadesinclui technologies and ways of economic organization, standards deestabelecimento, of social grouping and organization religious politics, eprticas beliefs, and so on. (LARAIA, 2006, P. 59). Culture are rules, conventions imposed for determined groups, society. Everything what in the fence it has one meaning tax for the nossasociedade.

An example of this is the black color. In the occidental societies ficouconvencionado that, the black color means fights, already in the eastern societies essamesma color that is sad for we, means joy, can be the birth deuma child. Therefore, the culture is umcomplexo of rules that in are imposed. To know as culturafunciona, or still, to try to see one culturade concrete form is not easy, therefore the culturano is static, well for the opposite, because ' ' any cultural system is numcontnuo process of modificao' ' (LARAIA, 2006, P. 95), therefore the culture is dynamic. Culturaopera in everything what it encircles in them, in the customs, the thoughts, we quevestimos in it, in what we eat, in what we believe. It functions in what we make and noque we do not make or we cannot make. Then cultura a regiment of that in the fence.

The history professor has that to teach to the pupils osaber-to make description. The professor also is an agent/subject transmitter of the culture and must use itself destaferramenta to form citizen, ' ' as it suggests Fernando Savater, in its book the value to educate, (…), ' prepararcompetidores' ' to form men completos' ' ' (RIBEIRO, 2004, P. 77). The person who usufruct of its rights and duties that, were imposed to it by a democratic society, person this who has conscinciado to be able that you have in hands, that can modify the routes of the politics of lugaronde live, with the vote, for example, this person is a citizen.

The True Facts And Vymysel.Novye

Shipwrecks, truly a gold mine for historians: Hidden in the depths of tragedy, the traces of invaluable material for studying trgovli, shipbuilding, war dlekogo proshlogo.Podemurovnya reservoirs and earthquakes occasionally ribrezhnye led to the flooding of ports and entire communities. All this stimulates the active development of marine archeology. Underwater search. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as Futurist by clicking through. Intelligence techniques, in particular magnetometers can spolzovat from board research vessels, and directly under the water to identify anomalies in the depth bottom osadkov.V drawn from the bottom of the card with the possible places of burial artefktov, which involved digging uchenye.Na deep sonar to detect unusual configuration pozvlyayut reflected sound voln.S eoy using technology in ernom sea at a depth of 324m found a sunken Byzantine merchant ship. The water here is high concentration serovodoroa, who played the role of preservative-ship for his age very well preserved. Heritage faraonov.Tsarsky port and Cleopatra's palace in Alexandria was destroyed and flooded the Mediterranean zemltryaseniem sea 365.Vidimost zeshney in muddy water is less than 5m. so to film the bottom of the camera bespolezno.Odnoko you can use the heterogeneity of its magnetic svoystv.Elektronnye scanners have allowed Marine Archaeology Franco Godio up topographic map of objects hidden Donna ilom.Polzuyas it, divers discovered the ruins (perhaps the palace) and thousands of valuable items, including a statue of the High Priest of Isis. In rassole.Artefakty, which would quickly destroy the land, may persist for millennia at the bottom of the crust protects morya.Narastayuschaya Les glass and ceramics, antique amphorae from Bay Estuary in the European part Turtsii.V poor oxygen benthic mud inhibited decomposition of wood and even leather.

Keynes

Consequentemente, when the propensity to aconsumir does not vary, the job cannot increase, not to be that this happens to mesmotempo that D2 grows, in way that fills the increasing gap between Z and D1. Ahead of this, the economic system can find a steady balance with N in an inferior level aopleno job, that is, in the level given for the intersection of the function of the global market and dafuno of it offers aggregate? excluded the hypotheses special of the classic theory, according to asquais, when the job increases, certain force always intervines, compelling D2 to go up onecessrio to fill the increasing gap between Z and D1. It is not, therefore, the desutilidademarginal of the work, express in terms of real wages, that the volume determines deemprego, except in the case where fixeum offers of hand of available workmanship the certain real wage maximum level of job. The propensity to consume and the level of the new investment que determine, jointly, the job level, and are this that, certainly, determines onvel of real wages? not inverse it. If the propensity to consume and the sum of novosinvestimentos result in an insufficience of the demand accomplish, the real level of empregose will reduce until being below of offers of hand of potentially available workmanship to the salrioreal in vigor, and the real wage of balance will be superior to the desutilidade delinquent of the level deemprego of balance.

(KEYNES, 1996, p.63-64) 6O Been assumed thus an active and decisive role in emsistema exactly capitalist the economic activity. One was not only about regulating the conjuncture of short term, preventing ouminimizando cycles of inflation or unemployment, but also, and mainly, assuring balanced umcrescimento of the national economy.

Seven Wonders

Metodolgicos procedures: This project will be developed with the pupils of the groups of 7, 8 and 9 year of basic education, of the matutino turn of the EEEFM Prof Luzia Simes Bartollini. Proposal for execution of the project: The group will be divided in seven groups, each group will be responsible for one of the seven wonders, will present in classroom the result of its research in seminary form, to the end will be mounted an exposition of the panels, videos and mockups of the material confectioned for the groups. Wheel of study: in hourly extraclassroom the groups of study will argue and define strategies for presentation of the research in the classroom. Consultation: the accomplishment of the research for the pupils and teacher will be through books, atlases and Internet where they had searched texts that had subsidized the execution of the project; Reflection and Seminary: dialogued from the carried through research (to distinguish natural landscape, action of the man of positive or negative form, debate, readings); Workshops: two had happened: one in the wheel of study with each group and teacher for confection of the material, to another workshop it will be in classroom with the group to organize the presentation of the subjects in the exposition. Accomplishment of Exposition: exposition of the panels, mockups among others will be in the patio with the objective to socialize the knowledge produced throughout the pedagogical process. Excursion: accomplishment of a lesson of field visiting one of the seven wonders of the Paraba with the purpose to exceed the physical limits of the classroom being explored the sensitivity of the direct contact of the pupils to the natural, cultural and patrimonial aspects of the visited place. Atitudinais contents: The project ' ' BEAUTIES MIL' ' through the research study it will observe and analyze the historical context of each one of the Seven Wonders of the Old World, Modern World and of the State of the Paraba, focusing the cultural plurality through the study of some cultures, the ethics by means of the appreciation of the relative behavior human being to the society and the environment detaching the natural beauties or the transformed ones. .

The Sale

Get the consent of the mortgage lender once you find a potential buyer, you will need to come into contact with the mortgage lender to get permission to proceed with the sale. If you sell your property as a short sale, the lender will lose money. As a result, lenders tend to be reluctant about let you sell your rental property unless you can prove you can not compensate their mortgage loan altogether. To do this, you will need to contact to your lender so that you help with mortgage, discovers who is responsible for handling short sales and get your contact information. Be sure to be specific supervisor rather than the Department of short sales in general. Once that is taken care of, you will use contact information to submit the following documents: letter of authorization this is a letter that authorizes the lender to disclose your loan information to professionals in the properties real estate that will be involved in the sale.

The letter must include its name, the direction of the feature, your reference number of the loan and its name of agent and contact information. Preliminary net sheet this is a statement that must include selling price and estimated costs under closed, pending payments due and recent fees. Letter of the difficulty this letter explains why their situation financial forces him to do a short sale and not leave him with enough resources to compensate your loan in full. The sales documents this includes copy of the buyer’s offer and the copy of your listing agreement. Once the documents are presented, the supervisor of short sales will decide if allowing a sale cuts. However, your agreement may be conditional. Since the sale cannot go forward without the permission of the lenders, lenders may alter the conditions of the sale to his advantage (even if sabotages the sale), and there is nothing you can do about him.

Implications of the tax you have a right to deduct capital losses the loss of benefit of its characteristic of rent during the last tax year. However, you do not may deduct any costs involved in short selling, including the difference between the purchase price and the sale price. In addition, if you possessed his characteristic of rent for more than 11 years, you will have to pay a 25 percent depreciation regains tax.

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