Approach and methods of laser treatment of the eye of the people consists of the outer skin of the eye, which is divided into the sclera and cornea. In addition, the eye consists of the Choroid and the iris of the eye. Additional components of the eye is the retina with photoreceptors, the also the blind spot, the point at which the optic nerve is located, and the yellow spot, the area of sharpest vision. The Interior of the eye consists of the glass body and the lens. Corneal curvatures cause of vision impairment. These can with laser treatments, the so-called eyes are lasers, improved or fixed. The surgery of to the eyes improve the appearance of is to adapt the calluses on the refraction of light in the eye.
In the case of short-sightedness, it so is flattened to change the refraction of light, so that the focus is again on the retina. The different operations of the eyes, to achieve this refraction, is assisted in situ Keratomileusis to the laser (LASIK), the Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK), the epithelial in situ Kertatomileusis (EPILASIK) femtosecond laser assisted in situ Keratomileusis (Femto LASIK) and the Photorefrativen Keratktomie (PRK). LASIK uses method under the cornea. Advantage over the LASEK method is that the LASIK method is painless, however, LASIK is because of not correctly verheilenden Nick of the cornea. First, it determines the thickness of the cornea. Then, the cornea on one side is dissolved and folded down. Then is the surgery of the eye by means of laser. Femto LASIK performs the incision of the cornea not like with a microkeratome in LASIK, but using a femtosecond laser.
The LASEK and EPILASEK are further developed methods of the PRK. These methods are applied, if the cornea is too thin for LASIK treatment. The epithelium on the eye is clipped and the operation takes place directly on the cornea. The epithelium grows back, but the method for the patient is more painful than the LASIK Method. The PRK is the now oldest method for treating the eyes with lasers. The epithelium is removed as LASEK and EPILASEK method and the laser treatment is then performed on the cornea. The cost for the lasers from the eye varies. The cost starts with 1000 Euro per eye, but the cost is often up to 5000 euros. The cost of the treatment are not covered by the statutory health insurance. The costs for private health insurance is negotiable.