Brazil

In spite of the obtained advances, by each thousand inhabitants of 25 to 64 years in Brazil there are 1.4 doctors, compared with 23 in Switzerland, 15.4 in Germany and 8.4 in the United States. Where Brazil emphasizes is in the sort equality: in 2004, 50.6 percent of the doctors titled in the country were women, against 47.7 percent in The United States, 39 percent in Germany and 24.9 percent in Japan. Also, eight of each ten doctors titled in the period work in educational establishments, although that also is changing. ” Two years ago only the 0.95 percent of the doctors graduated in 1996 worked in transformation industries. The number raised almost two percent between the titleholders 2006″ , it said to SciDev.Net Sofia Daher, technical adviser of the study. Also, it indicates the source of intelligence, the rate of growth of the number of doctors graduated in traditional areas, like exact sciences, of the Earth and biological lowered, whereas it grew the one of applied social sciences, human sciences, linguistic, letters and art. Plan 2011-2020 will stimulate the formation of doctors in certain disciplines, especially engineerings and with a strong component of innovation tecnolgica” , it revealed to SciDev.Net, Libyan Amaral, director of evaluation of the Division of Coordination of Improvement of Personnel of Level Superior, the Ministry of Education.

On the matter of this, Minister of Science and Technology, Sergio Rezende, mentioned the necessity to train doctors in nuclear and space engineering, sciences of the sea and Amazonia. The quality of the doctorate programs has been improving, indicates Amaral. Appointment the fact that professors and students of postgraduate are publishing more articles and books, doing investigations of greater impact and participating more in international congresses, publishing advice of magazines of high level and in programs of international cooperation.